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Article Reviewed on February 01, Gordon Scott Updated March 12, Traders buy a call option in the how to buy an option for a year or futures markets if they expect the underlying futures price to move higher. Buying a call option entitles the buyer of the option the right to purchase the underlying futures contract at the strike price any time before the contract expires.
Most traders buy call options because they believe a commodity market is going to move higher and they want to profit from that move.
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You can also exit the option before it expires—during market hours, of course. All options have a limited life. They are defined by a specific expiration date by the futures exchange where it trades. Finding the Proper Call Options to Buy You must first decide on your objectives and then find the best option to buy. Things to consider when buying call options include: Duration of time you plan on being in the trade The amount you can allocate to buying a call option The length of a move you expect from the market Most commodities and futures have a wide range of options in different expiration months and different strike prices that allow you to pick an option that meets your objectives.
If you are expecting a commodity to complete its move higher within two weeks, you will want to buy a commodity with at least two weeks of time remaining on it. One thing to be aware of is that the time premium of options decays more rapidly in the last 30 days.
We suggest that how to buy an option for a year always buy an option with 30 more days than you expect to be in the trade. Amount You Can Allocate to Buying a Call Option Depending on your account size and risk tolerances, some options may be too expensive for you to buy, or they might not be the right options altogether. In the money call, options will be more expensive than out of the money options. Also, the more time remaining on the call options there is, the more they will cost.
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You have to pay the whole option premium up front. Therefore, options in volatile markets like crude oil can cost several thousand dollars. Most deep out of the money options will expire worthlessly, and they are considered long shots.
Length of a Move You Expect From the Market To maximize your leverage and control your risk, you should have an idea of what type of move you expect from the commodity or futures market. The more conservative approach is usually to buy in the money options. A more aggressive approach is to buy multiple contracts of out of the money options.
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Your returns will increase with multiple contracts of out-of-the-money options if the market makes a large move higher. Call Options vs.
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- Long Call Options Everything You Need to Know June 14, by Brian Mallia Long Calls - Definition Investors will typically buy call options when they expect that a underlying's price will increase significantly in the near future, but do not have enough money to buy the actual stock or if they think that implied volatility will increase before the option expires - more on this later.
- A put option allows investors to bet against the future of a company or index.
- Standard option is
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With a futures contract, you have virtually unlimited loss potential. Call options also do not move as quickly as futures contracts unless they are deep in the money. This allows a commodity trader to ride out many of the ups and downs in the markets that might force a trader to close a futures contract in order to limit risk.
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One of the major drawbacks to buying options is the fact that options lose time value every day. Options are a wasting asset. You can obviously sell the options anytime before expiration and there will be time premium remaining unless the options are deep in the money or far out of the money. In volatile markets, it is advisable for traders and investors to use stops against risk positions.
A stop is a function of risk-reward, and as the most successful market participants know, you should never risk more than you are looking to make on any investment.
Call options: Learn the basics of buying and selling
The problem with stops is that sometimes the market can trade to a level that triggers a stop and then reverse. For those with short positions, a long call option serves as stop-loss protection, but it can give you more time than a stop that closes the position when it trades to the risk level.
That is because if the option has time left if the market becomes volatile, the call option serves two purposes. First, the call option will act as price insurance, protecting the short position from additional losses above the strike price. Second, and perhaps more importantly, the call option allows the opportunity to stay short even if the price moves above the insured level or the strike price.
Markets often rise only to turn around and fall dramatically after the price triggers stop orders. As long as the option still has time until expiration, the call option will keep a market participant in a short position and allow them to survive a volatile period that eventually returns to a downtrend.